Occupational therapy is basically the diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of useful activities, tasks, or persons of people, groups, and communities, with a special emphasis on those with disabilities. Occupational therapy assistants and occupational therapists are often referred to collectively as occupational therapists. The field is broad in scope but there are certain specific areas of focus.
Patients’ first concern is usually the diagnosis and treatment of the condition, which can be done through physical and neurological examination. If you or your loved one is affected by an impairment in one of these three areas, you may need to seek a trained occupational therapist’s care to achieve recovery and optimum function.
In the field of physical impairment, these can include:
Physical Therapy involves the evaluation of the patient’s health status and his or her current needs and then helping to determine how to best accommodate that person’s present and future needs, which will include providing therapy that is designed for patients in wheelchairs or requires physical activity. A physical therapist might also recommend a patient undergo rehabilitation, including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and physical education.
Rehabilitation involves the patients’ ability to participate in all aspects of their daily life. They may need to relearn how to get dressed or bathe themselves; they may need to learn to use the toilet and perform basic tasks like eating, dressing and doing homework.
The goal of rehabilitation is to improve patients’ ability to take part in daily tasks and live a normal, independent life. Most people with disabilities find it beneficial to pursue a course of occupational therapy after a rehabilitation session to help build up their self-confidence.
Occupational Therapy Assistants (OTAs) help their clients gain independence and reduce or eliminate the symptoms associated with disability or injury, as well as their limitations or impairments in their clients’ mobility. OTA also works closely with their clients’ caregivers to ensure that their clients are able to continue with their daily activities without assistance.
Occupational therapists are also trained in treating the underlying condition, such as depression or anxiety, which may cause impairment. They may also work with their clients’ physical and emotional symptoms to help reduce or eliminate them. They also work with their clients to establish and maintain a good self-care routine, such as taking regular showers and meals, getting enough rest, participating in leisure activities like sports, and recreation, and household chores, and hobbies.
After rehabilitation, most patients are able to resume their own activities but often benefit from continuing a program of occupational therapy. They might require regular classes on physical therapy techniques, and other therapies such as music therapy, speech therapy, music therapy, and yoga, which may provide an opportunity for patients to engage with others and interact with others more freely.
Therapy can also help improve the emotional and social skills of patients, such as expressing emotions in a non-verbal manner, communicating with friends and family, and enhancing self-awareness and self-confidence. These skills might help patients become more confident in performing jobs, participating in activities such as going to school and playing a sport, participating in community activities such as going to church and participating in volunteer work, and even participating in recreational activities.